Guide Transportation security. / Volume 9, Guidelines for transportation emergency training exercises

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If an eBook is available, you'll see the option to purchase it on the book page. View more FAQ's about Ebooks. The report is Volume 9 in each series. The report is designed to assist transportation agencies in developing drills and exercises in alignment with the National Incident Management System.

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The report describes the process of emergency exercise development, implementation, and evaluation. In addition, the available literature and materials to support transportation agencies such as state departments of transportation, traffic management centers, and public transportation systems are described. NCHRP Report Surface Transportation Security is a series in which relevant information is assembled into single, concise volumes—each pertaining to a specific security problem and closely related issues.

The volumes focus on the concerns that transportation agencies are addressing when developing programs in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, , and the anthrax attacks that followed. Future volumes of the report will be issued as they are completed.

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For questions about using the Copyright. Finding similar items Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Read Online. View Cover. Be prepared to discuss the assumptions on which the plans were built. Federal legislation mandates inclusive planning and requires addressing the needs of vulnerable groups in all phases of emergencies from planning to recovery. See Appendix B for examples of applicable federal legislation. Historically, wrong assumptions about how, when, and by whom transportation assets would be used had come to light after several disasters were followed by emergency responses in which organiza- tions and agencies laid claim to the same transit or paratransit vehicles and drivers.

Recog- nizing this, the city established different types of classifications for individuals who utilize the City Assisted Evacuation Plan CAEP , including tourists, residents without cars who need a ride during an emergency, and people who need specific medical resources. Develop- ment of the CAEP involved a significant amount of planning and collaboration, and the strategy was effectively deployed to meet the emergency needs of the most vulnerable people during Hurricane Gustav in Further- more, the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals assigned a staff member to double check the nursing home contracts each year to see if the bus companies have the actual buses.

When Hurricane Gustav struck in , the state worked with the federal government to ensure that buses were available. As noted in an excerpt from the digest, communities in Southern California have learned that evacuations run more smoothly if the following strategies are employed: — Isolated communities involve local law enforcement in traffic management during an evacuation. Planners have coordi- nated stormwater management, transportation, and recreation investments to achieve miti- gation goals.

Among other strategies, they have acquired and relocated vulnerable facilities to move them away from the flood plain. The purchases and relocations are credited with saving an estimated lives during a major flood. After the flood, stormwater utility staff received a call of thanks from the retirement community LeDuc et al.

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The network relays routine information as well as emergency alerts such as disease outbreaks and alerts to help the public stay safe during catastrophic natural disasters. The health department hosts an annual luncheon with network partners to keep them engaged, stay connected, and share information. Case Studies The following excerpts from the case studies in Section 3 provide more detailed examples of inclusive planning.

The Anchorage EMA has incorporated the needs of access and functional needs populations in several emergency planning initiatives, resulting in improved communication products and planning documents. The EMA formed a func- tional needs support services working group to review sections of the mass-sheltering annex of the Emergency Operations Plan. The EMA also worked collaboratively with several plan- ning partners to develop a disaster registry application and brochure that would meet the communication needs of target end users. Tribal organizations are a part of the Craig local emer- gency planning committee LEPC and have been involved in the emergency planning pro- cess.

Most Tribes have environmental planners responsible for emergency planning and response. The emergency planning process has helped to identify and better understand the differences in cultural priorities.

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The Craig Tribes culturally have a focus on elders and their members, and Tribal repre- sentatives want to be sure they are taken care of through the planning process. The Craig planning director can contact the Tribal Administrator and request assistance with notify- ing their elders and members with critical information. Through regular engagement with the Tribes, the city understands what is important to the Tribes and how to engage them in a way that helps them meet their cultural priorities while also meeting emergency planning and response priorities.

PRINCIPLE 6 Exercised In most regions, transportation operations, law enforcement, and emergency response per- sonnel interact daily to handle small and large incidents on highways, transit and rail systems, waterways, and airports. Gaining experience for much larger multijurisdictional events usually requires a formally planned exercise, coordination of a large, planned event, or a combina- tion of the two.

An important consideration in the planning process for regional-level disasters and emer- gencies is the reality that these types of events occur infrequently—or may never occur. Such events have high consequence despite their low probability, however, so regional-level disas- ter and emergency plans must be carefully tested and evaluated.

Testing—through planned exercises—identifies shortcomings and limitations and familiarizes stakeholders with imple- mentation and management of transportation systems and resources. Evaluation of the exer- cised plan allows planners and responders to consider the preferred outcome of an event before they decide how best to respond.

High-Consequence Risks and Hazards Some regions face high-consequence risks and hazards frequently. For example, California faces earthquakes and wildfires; wildfires occur in most western states. Floods occur virtually everywhere in the United States. Hurricanes often make landfall along the Gulf Coast or Atlantic Coast, snow and ice storms bring power failures in northern regions, and tornados sweep across many areas, particularly in the Midwest.

Most regions have the potential for more than one type of high- consequence risk for which they may be unprepared, and which could severely test their planning and their resilience. Characteristics of Exercised Planning The most realistic, effective exercises tests are those that include everyone affected by the plan. Important groups to participate in exercises include: transportation agencies, emergency management agencies, transit authorities, first responders police, fire, and ambulance , com- munity advocacy groups, and private-sector stakeholders manufacturers, distributors, major employers including universities and hospitals, and communication, power, and water utili- ties.

Doing this may permit modifications to counter shortcomings and problems before they are actually experienced under emergency conditions. Testing and drills also can be effective after an event. Observations of real-life processes that were not previously anticipated can be incor- porated into later testing and used to make incremental improvements of plans. Strategies Plan for high-probability and low-probability events. The strategies, tips, and examples pro- vided in Principle 7: Flexible also are relevant to Principle 6: Exercised.

MPOs work with and connect agencies across numerous governmental and juris- dictional levels and across state boundaries.

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Transportation security. / Volume 9, Guidelines for transportation emergency training exercises

They know the roles, responsibilities, capabilities, and resources of most, if not all, transportation agencies in the region. The preparedness planning cycle is a subset of the emergency planning cycle. Most training should be undertaken and accomplished according to NIMS principles. While contraflow operations are not actually initiated during these drills, all personnel, vehicles, and control devices signs, barricades, etc. This testing permits personnel new to the process a learning opportunity and gives field crews and police officers the opportunity to practice the process.

Ports con- nect multiple modes for movement of goods as well as people. Ports are vulnerable to secu- rity risks and human-made hazards as well as natural disasters.


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Several notable examples illustrate the use of significant events to test or exercise regional transportation emergency plans. The Washington, D. This tests movement away from a threat area in a preferred direction during an emer- gency, and also tests communications and coordination among the jurisdictions. The exercise was conducted during the Outback Bowl college game, which gave the City of Tampa Office of Emergency Management practice during a real-time event to prepare for the Super Bowl event. The Outback Bowl exercise revealed that each agency used its own system to track event information, which resulted in poor information sharing among agencies.